إِنَّ لِبَنِي أُمَيَّةَ مِرْوَدَاً يَجْرُونَ فِيهِ، وَلَوْ قَدِ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيَما بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ كَادَتْهُمُ الضِّبَاعُ لَغَلَبَتْهُمْ۔

The Banu Umayyah (Umayyids) have a fixed period (mirwad) wherein they are having their way. But when differences arise among them then even if the hyena attacks them it will overpower them.



The Banu Umayyah (Umayyids) have a fixed period (mirwad) wherein they are...

— Imam Ali a.s.
(Nahj al-Balagha — Peak of Eloquence: Hadith #464)

Personal Reflection

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.

In this profound Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), he mentions that the Banu Umayyah (Umayyids) have a fixed period, referred to as "mirwad" in Arabic, during which they are in power and have control over the affairs of the Muslim community. However, Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) emphasizes that when differences and conflicts arise among them, their power and dominance will be weakened to the extent that even a hyena attacking them would overpower them.

To understand the deeper meaning of this Hadith, let us reflect upon the key words and their implications. Firstly, the term "mirwad" refers to a fixed period or a specific time frame during which a certain group or dynasty will hold power. It signifies a predetermined period of dominance for the Banu Umayyah. This indicates that their rule is not eternal and will eventually come to an end.

The mention of "differences" among the Banu Umayyah is significant. It highlights the internal conflicts and divisions that will weaken their authority. This implies that their unity and cohesion will be compromised, leading to a decline in their power and influence. The use of the term "differences" suggests that these conflicts may arise due to disagreements over leadership, governance, or other matters of importance.

Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) further emphasizes the extent of their vulnerability by stating that even if a hyena were to attack them, it would overpower them. This imagery illustrates the weakened state of the Banu Umayyah, as a hyena is known for its ferocity and ability to overpower its prey. It symbolizes the imminent downfall and defeat of the Umayyids, despite their initial dominance.

To better comprehend the implications of this Hadith, let us turn to the Quran for guidance. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) reminds us in Surah Al-Anfal, verse 30:

And [remember, O Muhammad], when those who disbelieved plotted against you to restrain you or kill you or evict you [from Makkah]. But they plan, and Allah plans. And Allah is the best of planners.

This verse highlights that no matter how powerful or dominant a group may appear, Allah's plan ultimately prevails. The Banu Umayyah's reign, as mentioned in the Hadith, is part of Allah's plan, and their eventual downfall is also part of His divine decree.

Additionally, in Surah Al-Anfal, verse 46, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) states:

And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute and [thus] lose courage and [then] your strength would depart; and be patient. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.

This verse emphasizes the importance of unity and avoiding disputes within the Muslim community. The Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) serves as a reminder of the consequences that arise when divisions and conflicts emerge among those in power.

The Hadith also serves as a lesson for Muslims, reminding us of the transient nature of power and the importance of unity. It teaches us that no matter how powerful a group may seem, internal divisions and conflicts can lead to their downfall. It encourages us to strive for unity and cohesion within our communities, as division weakens our collective strength.

In conclusion, the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) provides profound insights into the rise and fall of the Banu Umayyah. It highlights the predetermined period of their dominance, the consequences of internal conflicts, and the vulnerability of their power. By reflecting on the Quranic verses mentioned, we are reminded of the importance of unity and the ultimate authority of Allah's plan. May we strive for unity and cohesion within the Muslim community, and may Allah guide us on the path of righteousness.

. : . (Readers are advised to verify the sources mentioned above, and to independently research for an accurate understanding of Hadith. Remember, personal research and seeking guidance from scholars are essential in gaining a better insight. Please, do contact us if you find any wrong citations or explanations.)

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