مَنِ اسْتَقْبَلَ وُجُوهَ الاْرَاءِ عَرَفَ مَوَاقِعَ الْخَطَاَ۔

He who has several opinions understands the pitfalls.



He who has several opinions understands the pitfalls.

— Imam Ali a.s.
(Nahj al-Balagha — Peak of Eloquence: Hadith #173)

Personal Reflection

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.

The Arabic Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) states:

مَنِ اسْتَقْبَلَ وُجُوهَ الاْرَاءِ عَرَفَ مَوَاقِعَ الْخَطَاَ۔

This Hadith can be translated as:

He who has several opinions understands the pitfalls.

Let us delve into the connotation of this Hadith by examining the key words and their implications. The word (istiqbal) "استقبل" means to face or confront, while (wujuh) "وجوه" refers to faces or aspects. (al-arā') "الأراء" signifies opinions or viewpoints, and (arafa) "عرف" means to know or recognize. Lastly, (mawāqi') "مواقع" denotes positions or places, and (al-khatā') "الخطا" refers to pitfalls or errors.

To further comprehend the wisdom behind this Hadith, we can turn to the Quran for guidance. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) says in Surah Al-Anfal (8:29),

O you who have believed, if you fear Allah, He will grant you a criterion and will remove from you your misdeeds and forgive you. And Allah is the possessor of great bounty.

This verse emphasizes the importance of seeking knowledge and understanding in order to distinguish between right and wrong. By embracing different opinions and perspectives, one gains a broader understanding of the truth and is less likely to fall into error.

Furthermore, in Surah Al-Baqarah (2:269), Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) states,

He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.

This verse highlights the significance of acquiring wisdom and knowledge. By actively engaging with various opinions, we open ourselves up to different insights and perspectives, enabling us to make more informed decisions and avoid potential pitfalls.

Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), known for his unparalleled wisdom and knowledge, encourages us to embrace multiple opinions. By doing so, we expand our intellectual horizons and develop a deeper understanding of complex matters. This approach allows us to recognize the potential pitfalls that may arise from holding onto a single perspective without considering alternative viewpoints.

For instance, in matters of jurisprudence, embracing diverse opinions enables us to explore different legal interpretations and arrive at a more comprehensive understanding of Islamic law. This prevents us from falling into the trap of rigid dogmatism and promotes a dynamic and inclusive approach to jurisprudential matters.

Moreover, this Hadith serves as a reminder of the importance of humility and open-mindedness. When we acknowledge that our own opinions are not infallible, we become more receptive to the ideas and insights of others. This fosters a culture of intellectual growth and encourages healthy dialogue and debate within the Muslim community.

In conclusion, the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) teaches us the value of embracing multiple opinions and viewpoints. By doing so, we gain a deeper understanding of complex matters and are less likely to fall into error. This approach promotes intellectual growth, humility, and open-mindedness within the Muslim community. May Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) grant us the wisdom to recognize the pitfalls and guide us on the path of truth and righteousness.

. : . (Readers are advised to verify the sources mentioned above, and to independently research for an accurate understanding of Hadith. Remember, personal research and seeking guidance from scholars are essential in gaining a better insight. Please, do contact us if you find any wrong citations or explanations.)

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