وْ ضَرَبْتُ خَيْشُومَ الْمُؤْمِنِ بِسَيْفِي هَذَا عَلَى أَنْ يُبْغِضَنِي مَا أَبْغَضَنِي وَ لَوْ صَبَبْتُ الدُّنْيَا بِجَمَّاتِهَا عَلَى الْمُنَافِقِ عَلَى أَنْ يُحِبَّنِي مَا أَحَبَّنِي۔ وَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ قُضِيَ فَانْقَضَى عَلَى لِسَانِ النَّبِيِّ الْأُمِّيِّ ﷺ أَنَّهُ قَالَ: يَا عَلِيُّ لَا يُبْغِضُكَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ لَا يُحِبُّكَ مُنَافِق۔ٌ
Even if I strike the nose of a believer with this, my sword, for hating me he will not hate me, and even if I pile all the wealth of the world before a hypocrite (Muslim) for loving me he will not love me. This is because it is a verdict pronounced by the tongue of the revered Prophet, may Allah bless him and his descendants, as he said: O `Ali, a believer will never hate you and a hypocrite will never love you.
— Imam Ali a.s.
(Nahj al-Balagha — Peak of Eloquence: Hadith #45)
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.
In this profound hadith narrated by Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), he describes a scenario where he strikes the nose of a believer with his sword. Despite this act of physical aggression, the believer will not harbor any hatred towards Imam Ali. Similarly, if Imam Ali were to offer all the wealth of the world to a hypocrite in order to gain their love, the hypocrite would still not love him. This hadith highlights the unique position and status of Imam Ali, as well as the unwavering loyalty and love that the true believers have for him.
To understand the depth and significance of this hadith, let us delve into the meanings of some key words. The word (believer) "مُؤْمِنِ" refers to a true and sincere believer in Allah and His Messenger. The term (hypocrite) "مُنَافِقِ" refers to someone who outwardly claims to be a Muslim but inwardly lacks faith and sincerity. The word (hate me) "يُبْغِضَنِي" signifies a deep-seated animosity and aversion towards Imam Ali, while (love me) "يُحِبَّنِي" denotes a genuine and heartfelt affection and attachment towards him.
To further understand the implications of this hadith, let us turn to the Quran for guidance. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) says in Surah Al-Imran (3:31):
Say, [O Muhammad], 'If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.'
This verse emphasizes the importance of following the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in order to attain the love and forgiveness of Allah. Similarly, in Surah Al-Mujadila (58:22), Allah says:
You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred.
These verses highlight the significance of love and loyalty towards the Prophet and his chosen successors. The true believers, guided by their faith, will naturally have a deep love and respect for Imam Ali, as he was the rightful successor of the Prophet (ﷺ) and the embodiment of his teachings. On the other hand, the hypocrites, who lack true faith and sincerity, will never be able to genuinely love Imam Ali, regardless of any worldly offerings.
Imam Ali's statement in this hadith is a reflection of his unparalleled knowledge and understanding of human nature. He recognizes that true love and loyalty cannot be bought or forced. It is a matter of the heart, rooted in faith and sincerity. The believers, who are steadfast in their devotion to Allah and His Messenger, will always hold Imam Ali in the highest regard, regardless of any external circumstances. Their love for him is based on his unwavering commitment to the teachings of Islam and his selfless sacrifices for the sake of Allah.
Conversely, the hypocrites, who lack genuine faith and sincerity, will never be able to truly love Imam Ali. Their hearts are veiled by their own hypocrisy, preventing them from recognizing and appreciating the true worth of Imam Ali. No amount of worldly wealth or material possessions can change their inherent nature.
This hadith serves as a reminder for Muslims of all backgrounds, whether Shia or Sunni, of the unique status and importance of Imam Ali. It highlights the unwavering love and loyalty that the true believers have for him, and the inability of the hypocrites to genuinely love him. It also emphasizes the importance of sincerity and genuine faith in establishing true love and loyalty within the Muslim community.
In conclusion, this hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) provides profound insights into the dynamics of love and loyalty within the Muslim community. It underscores the unbreakable bond between the true believers and their Imam, as well as the inherent inability of the hypocrites to genuinely love him. It serves as a reminder for Muslims to strive for sincerity and genuine faith, as these are the foundations upon which true love and loyalty are built. May Allah guide us all to the path of righteousness and grant us the ability to truly love and follow the teachings of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ).
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