التُّقَى رَئِيسُ الاْخْلاَقِ۔

Fear of Allah is the chief trait of human character.



Fear of Allah is the chief trait of human character.

— Imam Ali a.s.
(Nahj al-Balagha — Peak of Eloquence: Hadith #410)

Personal Reflection

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.

The provided Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) states, "التُّقَى رَئِيسُ الاْخْلاَقِ۔" This can be translated as,

Fear of Allah is the chief trait of human character.

In this thought-provoking saying, Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) highlights the importance of taqwa, which is often translated as "fear of Allah" but encompasses a much broader meaning.

Taqwa is derived from the Arabic root word "waqa" which means to protect or shield oneself. It is a comprehensive term that encompasses consciousness of Allah, piety, righteousness, and being mindful of one's actions. It is the foundation upon which all other virtues are built and is the key to attaining success in this world and the Hereafter.

The importance of taqwa is emphasized throughout the Quran. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) says in Surah Al-Hujurat (49:13),

O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous (أَتْقَاكُمْ) of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.

This verse clearly establishes that the measure of nobility and superiority in the sight of Allah is not based on wealth, lineage, or worldly status, but rather on taqwa. The one who possesses the highest level of taqwa is the most honorable in the sight of Allah.

Furthermore, in Surah Al-Baqarah (2:197), Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) says,

And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is taqwa. So fear Me, O you of understanding.

Here, Allah emphasizes that taqwa is the best provision for the journey of life. It is what truly sustains and nourishes the soul, providing guidance and protection in times of difficulty and temptation.

Imam Ali's (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) statement highlights the central role of taqwa in shaping human character. When a person possesses taqwa, it becomes the guiding principle behind their actions, decisions, and interactions. It instills a sense of accountability and consciousness of Allah in every aspect of life.

Taqwa motivates individuals to strive for excellence in their character, conduct, and relationships. It encourages them to uphold justice, honesty, kindness, and compassion, as these are all qualities that are pleasing to Allah. It serves as a moral compass, guiding Muslims to make choices that align with the teachings of Islam and the principles of righteousness.

The consequences of taqwa are profound. It leads to the purification of the heart and the elevation of the soul. It protects individuals from falling into sins and destructive behaviors. It fosters a sense of humility and gratitude, as one recognizes their dependence on Allah and His blessings. Taqwa also brings about inner peace and contentment, as individuals find solace in their relationship with Allah and His guidance.

Reflecting on Imam Ali's (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) statement, we are reminded of the importance of cultivating taqwa in our lives. It is not merely a theoretical concept, but a practical and transformative force that shapes our character and molds our behavior. By prioritizing taqwa, we can strive to become better individuals, better Muslims, and better representatives of our faith.

In conclusion, the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) teaches us that taqwa is the chief trait of human character. It is the foundation upon which all other virtues are built and the key to attaining success in this world and the Hereafter. By embodying taqwa, we can strive to be the best versions of ourselves and earn the pleasure of Allah. May Allah grant us the ability to cultivate taqwa in our hearts and lives.

. : . (Readers are advised to verify the sources mentioned above, and to independently research for an accurate understanding of Hadith. Remember, personal research and seeking guidance from scholars are essential in gaining a better insight. Please, do contact us if you find any wrong citations or explanations.)

Join our community to daily receive one short Hadith of Imam Ali a.s on your device.