إيّاكَ ومُصاحَبَةَ الفُسَّاقِ، فإنَّ الشّرَّ بالشّرِّ يَلْحَقُ۔

Be careful not to remain in the company of the immoral, for surely evil clings to evil.



Be careful not to remain in the company of the immoral, for surely evil...

— Imam Ali a.s.
(Ghurar al-Hikam: The Brother, The Friend, The Associate And The Companion)

Personal Reflection

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.

The provided Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) warns us to be cautious and avoid the company of immoral individuals, as evil tends to associate with evil. Let us delve deeper into the meaning of this thought-provoking Hadith and explore its implications in light of the Quran.

The word (iyyaka) "إيّاكَ" in the Hadith is a form of the Arabic word (yaka) "يَاكَ", which is a command that translates to "beware" or "be careful." It serves as a strong warning from Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) to the Muslims, urging them to exercise caution and vigilance in their choice of companionship.

The term (musahabah) "مُصاحَبَةَ" refers to the act of being in the company or association of others. In this context, Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) advises Muslims to be wary of associating with (al-fusaaq) "الفُسَّاقِ", which refers to those who are immoral, sinful, or deviant in their behavior.

To further understand the significance of this Hadith, let us turn to the Quran for guidance. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) repeatedly emphasizes the importance of choosing righteous companions and avoiding the company of those who lead us astray. In Surah Al-Kahf, Allah says, (Quran 18:28)

And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance.

This verse highlights the importance of surrounding ourselves with individuals who are devoted to the worship of Allah and seek His pleasure. By doing so, we create an environment that encourages and strengthens our faith, protecting us from the negative influences of the immoral.

Additionally, in Surah Al-Ankabut, Allah warns us about the consequences of bad company, stating, (Quran 25:27)

And [mention, O Muhammad], the Day when the wrongdoer will bite on his hands [in regret] he will say, 'Oh, I wish I had taken with the Messenger a way.'

This verse illustrates the regret and remorse that will be experienced by those who chose to associate with the wrongdoers instead of following the guidance of the Prophet () and his righteous companions. It serves as a reminder of the negative impact that immoral companions can have on our spiritual well-being.

Imam Ali's (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) advice in this Hadith is rooted in his profound knowledge and understanding of human nature. He recognized that the company we keep has a profound influence on our thoughts, actions, and overall character. Just as good company can inspire and uplift us, bad company can lead us down a path of moral decay and spiritual decline.

By cautioning us against the company of the immoral, Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) is highlighting the importance of preserving our moral integrity and safeguarding our faith. When we surround ourselves with individuals who are righteous and virtuous, we are more likely to be motivated to engage in acts of goodness and righteousness. Conversely, associating with the immoral can expose us to their negative traits and behaviors, potentially leading us astray.

It is crucial for Muslims to reflect on this Hadith and evaluate the company they keep. We should strive to surround ourselves with individuals who inspire us to be better Muslims and who encourage us to adhere to the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet (). By doing so, we can protect ourselves from the clutches of evil and ensure our spiritual growth and well-being.

In conclusion, the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) serves as a timeless reminder for Muslims to be cautious in their choice of companionship. By avoiding the company of the immoral, we can protect ourselves from the negative influences that can lead us astray. Let us heed this advice and strive to surround ourselves with individuals who inspire us to be better Muslims and who help us in our journey towards attaining the pleasure of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ). May Allah guide us all to righteous companionship and protect us from the clutches of evil.

. : . (Readers are advised to verify the sources mentioned above, and to independently research for an accurate understanding of Hadith. Remember, personal research and seeking guidance from scholars are essential in gaining a better insight. Please, do contact us if you find any wrong citations or explanations.)

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