يُغْتَنَمُ مُؤاخاةُ الأخيارِ، ويُجّتَنَبُ مُصاحَبَةُ الأشرارِ والفُجَّارِ۔
The brotherhood of the righteous is to be considered beneficial whereas association with the wicked and sinful is to be avoided.
— Imam Ali a.s.
(Ghurar al-Hikam: The Brother, The Friend, The Associate And The Companion)
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.
The provided Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) emphasizes the importance of choosing righteous companions and avoiding the company of the wicked and sinful. Let us delve into the deeper meaning of this amazing Hadith in light of the Quran.
The word (mu'akhah) "مُؤاخاة" in the Hadith refers to brotherhood or companionship. It signifies a strong bond between individuals who share common values, beliefs, and goals. This brotherhood is not limited to blood relations but extends to the spiritual connection between believers. The righteous are those who strive to follow the guidance of Allah and His Messenger, and their companionship is considered beneficial.
Allah says in the Quran (Surah Al-Anfal, 8:72):
Indeed, those who have believed and emigrated and fought with their wealth and lives in the cause of Allah and those who gave shelter and aided - they are allies of one another.
This verse highlights the importance of forming alliances and brotherhood with those who share the same faith and work towards the cause of Allah. Such companionship strengthens the believers and helps them in their journey towards righteousness.
On the other hand, the Hadith warns against associating with the wicked and sinful. The word (musahabah) "مُصاحَبَةُ" refers to close association or companionship with such individuals. This association can have detrimental effects on one's faith and moral character. The Quran repeatedly advises Muslims to distance themselves from the wicked and sinful.
Allah says in the Quran (Surah Al-Furqan, 25:27):
And [the Day] when the wrongdoer will bite on his hands [in regret] he will say, 'Oh, I wish I had taken with the Messenger a way.'
This verse depicts the regret of the wrongdoers who wish they had chosen the company of the Prophet (ﷺ) and followed his guidance. It serves as a reminder for Muslims to be cautious in their choice of companions and to avoid those who lead them astray.
The consequences of choosing righteous companions or associating with the wicked are profound. The company of the righteous can inspire and motivate individuals to strive for excellence in their faith and deeds. It provides a supportive environment where individuals can learn from one another, seek guidance, and grow spiritually. On the other hand, associating with the wicked can lead to moral corruption, deviation from the right path, and a weakening of one's faith.
Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), known for his immense knowledge and wisdom, emphasizes the importance of surrounding oneself with righteous individuals. His statement serves as a reminder for Muslims to carefully choose their companions and seek the company of those who will uplift and guide them towards righteousness.
Reflecting on this Hadith, we should evaluate our own companionships and assess whether they align with the teachings of the Quran and the guidance of the Prophet (ﷺ). We should strive to be among the righteous and seek their company, as it will benefit us in this world and the Hereafter. May Allah guide us in choosing righteous companions and protect us from the influence of the wicked and sinful.
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