لاَ تَصْحَبِ الْمَائِقَ فَإِنَّهُ يُزَيِّنُ لَكَ فِعْلَهُ، وَيَوَدُّ أَنْ تَكُونَ مِثْلَهُ۔
Do not associate with a fool because he will beautify his actions before you and long that you too be like him.
— Imam Ali a.s.
(Nahj al-Balagha — Peak of Eloquence: Hadith #293)
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.
The Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) warns us against associating with fools, as they have the ability to deceive and influence us. The Arabic word used in this Hadith is (ma'iqa) "مَائِقَ", which refers to a person who lacks intelligence, wisdom, and understanding. This person is easily swayed by their desires and lacks the ability to make sound judgments.
Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) advises us not to keep the company of such individuals because they have the ability to make their actions appear attractive and appealing. They may deceive us into thinking that their foolish actions are actually commendable or desirable. This is a dangerous trap, as it can lead us astray and make us desire to be like them.
To understand the wisdom behind Imam Ali's (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) advice, we can turn to the Quran for guidance. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) repeatedly emphasizes the importance of seeking knowledge, wisdom, and understanding. In Surah Al-Baqarah, Allah says, (Quran 2:170)
And when it is said to them, 'Follow what Allah has revealed,' they say, 'Rather, we will follow that which we found our fathers doing.' Even though their fathers understood nothing, nor were they guided?
This verse highlights the danger of blindly following the actions and beliefs of others without seeking knowledge and understanding. It warns us against associating with those who lack wisdom and knowledge, as they may lead us astray from the true path. Similarly, in Surah Al-An'am, Allah says, (Quran 6:116)
And if you obey most of those upon the earth, they will mislead you from the way of Allah. They follow not except assumption, and they are not but falsifying.
These verses remind us of the importance of seeking knowledge and understanding from reliable sources. We should not be influenced by the actions and beliefs of those who lack wisdom and understanding. Instead, we should strive to follow the teachings of the Quran and the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and his Ahl al-Bayt.
By associating with fools, we expose ourselves to their negative influence and risk adopting their foolish behavior. This can have serious consequences in both our worldly affairs and our spiritual journey. For example, if we associate with individuals who engage in dishonest practices, we may be tempted to do the same, compromising our integrity and moral values. Similarly, if we associate with those who engage in sinful activities, we may be influenced to follow their path, leading us away from the straight path of Allah.
Imam Ali's (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) advice serves as a reminder to Muslims to be cautious of the company we keep. We should strive to surround ourselves with individuals who are knowledgeable, wise, and righteous. By doing so, we can benefit from their guidance and positive influence, and protect ourselves from the negative influence of fools.
In conclusion, the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) warns us against associating with fools who have the ability to deceive and influence us. By seeking knowledge and understanding from reliable sources, and surrounding ourselves with individuals who possess wisdom and righteousness, we can protect ourselves from being led astray. May Allah guide us to choose our companions wisely and grant us the ability to discern between right and wrong.
Join our community to daily receive one short Hadith of Imam Ali a.s on your device.
Your message has been successfully received, and we will respond to you soon.