يَقْبَحُ عَلَيالرَّجُلِ أنْ يُنْكِرَ عَلَى النَّاسِ مُنكَرات ويَنهاهُمْ عَنْ رَذائِلَ وسَيِّئات، وإذا خَلا بِنَفْسِِهِ إرتَكَبَها ولا يَسْتَنْكِفُ مِنْ فِعْلِها۔

It is disgraceful for a man to dissuade the people from evil actions and forbid them from vices and sins, and then perform the same deeds when he is alone and not refrain from them.



It is disgraceful for a man to dissuade the people from evil actions and...

— Imam Ali a.s.
(Ghurar al-Hikam: Enjoining Good And Forbidding Evil)

Personal Reflection

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.

The provided Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) highlights the importance of consistency in one's actions and the avoidance of hypocrisy. Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) states that it is disgraceful for a person to discourage others from committing evil deeds and to forbid them from engaging in vices and sins, while secretly indulging in those very same actions when they are alone. Such behavior is hypocritical and goes against the principles of sincerity and righteousness.

To understand the depth of this Hadith, let us delve into the meanings of some key words. The word (munakarat) "مُنكَرات" refers to evil actions or deeds that are universally recognized as wrong or sinful. These are actions that go against the teachings of Islam and are condemned by both Shia and Sunni Muslims. The word (radha'il) "رَذائِلَ" refers to vices or immoral acts that are considered disgraceful and morally reprehensible. These are actions that tarnish one's character and lead to spiritual degradation.

The Quran provides us with numerous verses that emphasize the importance of consistency in one's actions and the avoidance of hypocrisy. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) says in Surah Al-Hujurat (49:11-12):

O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one's] faith. And whoever does not repent - then it is those who are the wrongdoers. O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful.

These verses highlight the importance of treating others with respect and refraining from ridiculing or insulting them. They also emphasize the need to avoid negative assumptions and backbiting, which are forms of hypocrisy. Just as it is disgraceful to speak ill of others while pretending to be their well-wisher, it is equally disgraceful to dissuade others from evil actions while secretly engaging in those actions oneself.

Another verse that sheds light on the concept of hypocrisy is found in Surah Al-Baqarah (2:44):

Do you order righteousness of the people and forget yourselves while you recite the Scripture? Then will you not reason?

This verse admonishes those who command others to do good deeds but neglect their own obligations. It reminds us of the importance of self-reflection and self-improvement before advising others. It is hypocritical to preach righteousness while neglecting our own spiritual development.

Reflecting on the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), we understand that it is not enough to merely discourage others from evil actions and vices. We must also strive to embody those teachings in our own lives. Hypocrisy undermines the credibility of our words and actions, and it diminishes the impact of our efforts to guide others towards righteousness.

Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), known for his profound knowledge and wisdom, reminds us of the importance of sincerity and consistency in our actions. He urges us to be mindful of our own behavior and to refrain from engaging in actions that we discourage in others. By aligning our words and deeds, we can become true ambassadors of Islam and inspire others to follow the path of righteousness.

May Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) grant us the strength and guidance to live our lives in accordance with His teachings and the teachings of the Ahl al-Bayt (عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلسَّلَامُ). May He protect us from hypocrisy and enable us to be consistent in our actions. Ameen.

. : . (Readers are advised to verify the sources mentioned above, and to independently research for an accurate understanding of Hadith. Remember, personal research and seeking guidance from scholars are essential in gaining a better insight. Please, do contact us if you find any wrong citations or explanations.)

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