إذا سادَ السِّفَلُ خابَ الأمَلُ۔

When the depraved gain authority, hope turns into disappointment.



When the depraved gain authority, hope turns into disappointment.

— Imam Ali a.s.
(Ghurar al-Hikam: Government And Sovereignty)

Personal Reflection

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. Peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (), his purified progeny, and his noble companions.

The Arabic Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) states,

إذا سادَ السِّفَلُ خابَ الأمَلُ۔

This can be translated as,

When the depraved gain authority, hope turns into disappointment.

Let us delve into the deeper meaning of this wise utterance of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) in light of the Quranic teachings.

Firstly, let us analyze the key words in this Hadith. The word (saada) "سادَ" refers to the rise or dominance of the depraved or wicked individuals. It signifies a situation where people with corrupt morals and unethical behavior gain power and authority. The word (sufal) "سفل" refers to those who are morally low, vile, and base. It represents individuals who lack integrity, righteousness, and piety.

To understand the consequences of such a situation, we can turn to the Quran for guidance. In Surah Al-Anfal, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) says, (Quran 8:47)

And do not be like those who came forth from their homes insolently and to be seen by people and avert them from the way of Allah.

This verse highlights the danger of allowing corrupt individuals to hold positions of authority. Their actions can lead people astray from the path of righteousness and cause disappointment in the hopes and aspirations of the believers.

Furthermore, in Surah Al-Qasas, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) warns us about the consequences of following the wicked. He says, (Quran 28:41)

And We made them leaders inviting to the Fire, and on the Day of Resurrection, they will not be helped.

This verse emphasizes the destructive influence of immoral leaders who lead people towards the Hellfire. It serves as a reminder that placing power in the hands of the depraved can have severe consequences for both individuals and society as a whole.

Imam Ali's (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) Hadith highlights the disappointment that arises when those who lack moral integrity and righteousness are given authority. When the wicked are in power, they often abuse their positions, exploit the weak, and neglect the needs of the people. This leads to a loss of hope and a sense of despair among the believers.

Moreover, the Hadith serves as a motivation for Muslims to strive for justice, righteousness, and ethical leadership. It reminds us of the importance of selecting leaders who possess moral excellence and are committed to upholding the principles of Islam. By doing so, we can ensure that hope is not lost and that the aspirations of the believers are realized.

The consequences of allowing the depraved to gain authority are far-reaching. It can result in the erosion of trust, the deterioration of societal values, and the oppression of the vulnerable. Therefore, it is incumbent upon Muslims to actively work towards promoting virtuous leadership and resisting the rise of the wicked.

In conclusion, the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) serves as a profound reminder of the consequences of allowing the morally corrupt to hold positions of authority. It urges Muslims to strive for righteous leadership and to resist the dominance of the depraved. By doing so, we can safeguard our hopes and aspirations, and work towards establishing a just and virtuous society. May Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ) guide us in our efforts to promote righteousness and protect us from the influence of the wicked.

. : . (Readers are advised to verify the sources mentioned above, and to independently research for an accurate understanding of Hadith. Remember, personal research and seeking guidance from scholars are essential in gaining a better insight. Please, do contact us if you find any wrong citations or explanations.)

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