تُبْتَنى الاُخوَّةُ في اللّهِ علَى التَّناصُحِ في اللّهِ، والتَّباذُلِ في اللّهِ، والتَّعاونِ على طاعةِ اللّهِ، والتَّناهي عن معاصِى اللّهِ، والتَّناصرِ في اللّهِ، وإخْلاصِ المَحَبِّةِ۔
Brotherhood for the sake of Allah is based on advising each other for the sake of Allah, contributing for His sake, helping each other to obey His commands, forbidding each other from disobeying Him, assisting each other for His sake and sincere affection.
— Imam Ali a.s.
(Ghurar al-Hikam: The Brother, The Friend, The Associate And The Companion)
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), his pure progeny, and his noble companions.
The Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) emphasizes the importance of brotherhood for the sake of Allah. Let us delve into the meanings of some key words in this Hadith to gain a deeper understanding.
The word (tubtana) "تُبْتَنى" in Arabic means "brotherhood" or "sisterhood." It signifies a strong bond between believers, rooted in faith and devotion to Allah. This brotherhood is not based on worldly interests or personal gain, but solely for the sake of Allah.
The word (tanashuhi) "التَّناصُحِ" means "advising" or "counseling." It implies sincere guidance and advice given to one another for the sake of Allah. This includes offering constructive criticism, reminding each other of their duties, and helping one another to improve in their faith and actions.
(tabadhul) "التَّباذُلِ" refers to "contributing" or "giving." It highlights the importance of selflessness and generosity in the path of Allah. Muslims are encouraged to contribute their wealth, time, and efforts for the betterment of the community and the fulfillment of the needs of others.
(ta'awun) "التَّعاونِ" means "helping" or "assisting." It emphasizes the collective effort of Muslims in supporting one another to obey the commands of Allah. This cooperation extends to all aspects of life, including worship, education, social welfare, and any other endeavor that promotes goodness and righteousness.
(tanahi) "التَّناهي" refers to "forbidding" or "discouraging." It signifies the responsibility of Muslims to advise and discourage one another from engaging in sinful acts or behaviors that are displeasing to Allah. This includes enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, as mentioned in the Quran (3:104).
(tanasir) "التَّناصرِ" means "assisting" or "supporting." It highlights the obligation of Muslims to stand united and support one another in times of difficulty and adversity. This support can be emotional, physical, or spiritual, and it strengthens the bond of brotherhood for the sake of Allah.
Finally, (ikhlas al-mahabbah) "إخْلاصِ المَحَبِّةِ" refers to "sincere affection" or "genuine love." It emphasizes the purity and sincerity of the love that Muslims should have for one another. This love is not based on personal interests or worldly gains, but solely for the sake of Allah.
To further understand the significance of this Hadith, let us turn to the Quran for guidance. Allah says in Surah Al-Hujurat (49:10),
The believers are but brothers, so make settlement between your brothers. And fear Allah that you may receive mercy.
This verse emphasizes the unity and brotherhood among believers, urging them to reconcile any disputes or conflicts that may arise.
Additionally, Allah says in Surah Al-Ma'idah (5:2),
And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression.
This verse highlights the importance of cooperation and assistance in matters of righteousness, while also reminding us to refrain from supporting or participating in sinful acts.
The teachings of the Quran and the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) emphasize the significance of brotherhood for the sake of Allah. It is a bond that is based on sincere advice, selflessness, cooperation, forbidding evil, supporting one another, and genuine love. This brotherhood strengthens the unity and solidarity of the Muslim community, and it fosters an environment of compassion, empathy, and mutual support.
In conclusion, the Hadith of Imam Ali (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) serves as a reminder for Muslims to uphold the values of brotherhood for the sake of Allah. By adhering to the principles outlined in this Hadith, we can cultivate a strong and united community that strives for the pleasure of Allah and the betterment of humanity. May Allah guide us all to embody the spirit of true brotherhood and may He bless us with His mercy and forgiveness.
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